Top 5 motherboards for Ryzen 5 3600 and R5 5600X. Personal experience

This year is not the best time to collect computers. Yes, at the time of this writing, the rate of cryptocurrencies was slowly falling, but it is not a fact that it will not rise, and certainly not a fact that this will affect the insane price tags of video cards.
However, all this absolutely does not exclude situations when you need to start buying right here and now. Someone already has a video card on hand, someone needs a PC to work, and someone wants to prepare a base for a future platform: buy a processor, RAM, power supply, cooling, and a motherboard. Let's talk about the latter today.
Let's say right away that we compiled the list, relying not so much on the price or technical characteristics, but on our personal experience of assembling and subsequent complex BIOS settings on each of them: overclocking the CPU cores and bus, RAM, optimizing primary, secondary and tertiary timings.
Well, we will consider models for AMD Ryzen 5 3600 and 5600X processorsThese are the most interesting processors to date. Ryzen 5 3600 is relatively inexpensive and copes well with any games and moderately heavy multi-threaded tasks, but the 5600X is a top solution in its class. In general, six cores and twelve threads are a comfortable optimum for the average modern home PC.
of Bolshaya might already need professional gamers, tape drives, content-makers, and those who just want to have "the best". For the latter category, by the way, AM4 is, again, the optimal socket into which at least a 16-core CPU will fit.

ASRock B450M Pro4

Top 5 motherboards for Ryzen 5 3600 and R5 5600X.  Personal experience


Socket: AM4
Chipset: AMD B450
Maximum DDR4 Memory : 64 GB
Expansion Slots: 1x PCIe 3.0 x16, 1 x PCIe 3.0 x4, 1x PCIe 2.0 x1
Power System: 3 + 3
I / O Panel: PS / 2, DVI-D , D-Sub (VGA), HDMI, 2x USB 2.0, 5x USB 3.1, 1x USB
Sound: Realtek ALC892, ELNA capacitors
Network: Realtek 1 Gbps LAN M.2
connectors : 1x Ultra M.2 (PCIe Gen 3 x4), 1x M.2 (SATA Rev.3)
Price June 2021: 5500 rubles ($ 75)
Opening the list is ASRock b450 Pro4 - almost a legend among budget motherboards. The option has been verified by users, time, and personally by us. What do we have? MicroATX form factor and three PCIe Gen 3 slots. The first works in x1 mode, the second in x16 mode, and the third are limited to x4. There are also two slots for M.2 drives: one for NVMe drives and one for SATA drives.
The video has DVI-DD-Sub (VGA), and HDMI, and, besides all this, there is a decent amount of USB 2.0 and 3.0 and simple sound. Nothing fancy, but everything you need is in place.
The food is also in order. Firstly, it is adequately cooled, there are radiators with fins. Secondly, the controller Intersil isl95712 is responsible for control, which in this case operates in the 3 + 3 mode. Three phases fall on the CPU, the rest on the SoC VCC (System on Chip, responsible for integrated GPUs and memory controllers).
MOSFETs are soldered six pieces at 65A in the upper arm and six, but already at 55A, in the lower one. Under Linux 0.9.7, they heat up to 80 degrees, and the radiators rise to 55-60. Decent result.
The motherboard is also quite good with overclocking. In most cases, memory training is correct: the board correctly sets the signal termination parameters but does not significantly underestimate the timings. Still, there are not enough metallization layers.
And, nevertheless, you can count on the result of about 3600 CL16 with Crucial Ballistix U4 3200 CL16 memory3600 CL14 are also real, but at the cost of overstated PROC ODT and voltage for memory modules. However, if you organize an effective blowdown, in this case, it's not a big deal.
Now about the cons. In BIOS from ASRock, power phases cannot be controlled, their control is completely given to automation. Load-Line Calibration also does not work wellThe board is either supplying too much voltage to the CPU or too little to find the perfect balance.
As a result, it turns out that the processor is either unstable on a small VCore or overheats due to its excess, and it is impossible to find something in the middle. Because of this, CPU overclocking is not the strong point of the ASRock B450 Pro4. You will rather run into the possibility of cooling than the possibility of a crystal.
Well, the sound is frankly bad. The onboard tract is susceptible to electromagnetic interference: background noise is clearly audible in the headphones, which intensifies, as soon as you move the mouse, and under load, a squeak appears cutting your ears. But what to do, none of the manufacturers will put a decent sound in the payment for that kind of money.
Overall, the ASRock B450 Pro4 is a great option for an ultra-budget PC. Low price, full stability under moderate overclocking, and an excellent set of all the necessary inputs and outputs. Zen 3 support allows you to build a machine with a Ryzen 5 5600X or even a Ryzen 7 5800XJust don't forget about good airflow inside the case and the current BIOS. If you have Zen, Zen +, or Zen 2, then you just need to download and flash the required version yourself. If not, you will have to clarify whether the staff of the store where you plan to purchase the board can do this. Otherwise, the system will not start.

RTX 3080 Ti benchmark. You can't forbid living beautifully

MSI B450 Mortar Max

Top 5 motherboards for Ryzen 5 3600 and R5 5600X.  Personal experience


Socket: AM4
Chipset: AMD B450
Maximum DDR4 Memory : 64 GB
Expansion Slots: 1x PCIe 3.0 x16, 2x PCIe 3.0 x1, 1x PCIe 2.0 x16
Power System: 4 + 2
I / O Panel: PS / 2, HDMI, DisplayPort, 2x USB 2.0, 5x USB 3.1, 1x USB Type-C
Sound: Realtek ALC892, Nichicon capacitors, S / PDIF Out
Network: Realtek 1 Gbps LAN
M.2 connectors: 1x Ultra M.2 (PCIe Gen. 3 x4) , 1x M.2 (SATA3)
Features: BIOS Flashback
Price June 2021: 6800 rubles ($ 91)
Next on our list is the MSI B450 Mortar MaxAlthough it is slightly more expensive than the previous one, it is not fundamentally different from it. The form factor is the same - microATX. Roughly the same price range and a seemingly similar power system. However, in the smallest detail, the board is better in almost everything.
To begin with, it has a BIOS Flashback button, so there is no need to worry about the BIOS version when buying Zen 3. You can update the firmware without a processor and memory: just power the board with a 24-pin ATX connector from a power supply.
Much more decent sound. The codec is the same as that of ASRock, Realtek ALC892, but the binding is better and the path does not sound.
There are also more PCIe slots here, however, one of the PCIe x1 slots is located so close to the first x16 that it will be almost impossible to use it if there is a discrete video card in the system.
But these are trifles. The main thing is that the Mortar Max has four phases of CPU power, and two more are reserved for the SoC VCC. MOSFETs are soldered from Sinopower: 55A in the upper arm and 80A in the lower one. The Richtek RT8894A controller manages all this, and the radiator for cooling is a little more massive.
Let's add a correctly working LLC here and we get a board that is already capable of normal processor overclocking. Together with it, we managed to heat up the Ryzen 5 3600 to an impressive 4450 MHz across all cores, its bus ( FCLK ) - up to 1800 MHz, and the memory kit on Samsung B-Die chips conquered 3600 MHz with primary timings of 14-14-14-28 and CR1. Yes, of course, we came across a rather successful R5 3600 then, but for this article, it is not so important. The main thing is that the board itself did not limit its capabilities.
With regards to Zen 3 support, the model has it, like the ASRock, so the 5600X gets up without any problems, and considering the power subsystem, you can swing at the 5800X. Note that in the same price range, attention can still be paid to ASUS TUF B450-Pro Gaming.

Gigabyte B550 Aorus Elite V2

Top 5 motherboards for Ryzen 5 3600 and R5 5600X.  Personal experience


Socket: AM4
Chipset: AMD B550
Maximum DDR4 Memory : 128 GB
Expansion Slots: 1x PCIe 4.0 x16, 1x PCIe 3.0 x2, 2x PCIe 3.0 x1
Power System: 6 Phases for CPU, 2 Phases for SoC
I / O Panel: HDMI, DisplayPort, 2x USB 2.0, 5x USB 3.2
Sound: Realtek ALC1200, Nichicon capacitors, S / PDIF Out
Network: Realtek 2.5 Gbps LAN
M.2 connectors: 1x Ultra M.2 (PCIe Gen 4 x4), 1x M .2 (PCIe 3.0 x4, SATA3)
Features : BIOS Flashback
Price June 2021: 12,000 rubles ($ 160)
Let's move on to more serious boards. The Gigabyte Aorus Elite V2 is a different class. Options, which were perceived as something outstanding in the previous two cases, are included here as standard.
Available: a BIOS firmware button without a CPU and memory, a large set of USB 2.0 and USB 3.0, 2.5 GBit LAN, quite a good sound based on the Realtek ALC1200 codec and strapping in the form of Nichicon Fine Gold capacitors, well, and a completely different level of power system ...
The Aorus Elite V2 has an Intersil RAA229004 controller operating in a 6 + 2 scheme. The board uses a parallel power architecture, so there are fourteen MOSFETs: SIC641A, 55A each.
A massive radiator cools the power section and does it, I must say, perfectly. After half an hour of stress testing in LinX 0.9.7, the motherboard VRM warmed up to 60 degrees. This is not a record, but a very good result.
The heatsink for cooling M.2 drives is also present, unlike previous models. The slot itself for drives, by the way, is already in the PCIe 4.0 version and supports the highest-speed SSD for today. The second M.2, however, is more modest and only works with SATA and PCIe 3.0. As for the expansion slots, and three of them are full-size x16. True, you shouldn't flatter yourself: only the top slot works at full speed, the rest are PCIe 3.0 with one or two connected lanes. Pleased here and a large number of pads for connecting case fans: five pieces.
Now about overclocking. Everything is on the level here. The motherboard has a full BIOS, like that of top solutions.

There is complete control over the power supply system and all required voltages. As a result, the Aorus Elite V2 perfectly drives both processors and memory. We did not test it in tandem with the Ryzen 5 3600, but with the Ryzen 5 5600X, we took 4570 MHz across all cores with FCLK 1900. The RAM frequency then was 3800 MHz with the timings 14-15-14-14-28 and CR1.
Perhaps the only thing we didn’t like about the board was a system like Dual BIOS, although in fact there is only one BIOS chip on the body of the board. In the process of selecting the minimum stable timings, situations often arise when the PC refuses to pass POST (does not boot). For example, when you squeeze tRFC too muchIn this case, most motherboards try to complete memory training three times, and then offer to reset the settings to the factory settings. If this does not happen, and the system "hangs" tightly, you can revive it by closing two CLRCMS contacts with a screwdriver on the board or by removing the battery. In the case of Gigabyte, you do not need to do this, the computer will start in any case, but all settings can return to Auto values. Yes, and saved ones too.
Why? And because the board switches to the "spare" BIOS as a precautionary measure. And it can do this at the most unpredictable moment, but manually force it to return to the previous BIOS is in no way possible. All that remains is to drive in all the parameters over a new one or to drive in knowingly non-working ones in the hope that the board will "freeze" again and, perhaps, load the previous BIOS. In short, it is as inconvenient and ill-conceived as possible, but this is the only significant drawback of the model.
A good alternative to the Gigabyte Aorus Elite V2, but without unnecessary problems with the BIOS, would be the MSI B550 TomahawkIn fact, everything is the same, but much more convenient when working with the memory subsystem.


Top 5 motherboards for Ryzen 5 3600 and R5 5600X.  Personal experience


Socket: AM4
Chipset: B550
Maximum DDR4 memory : 128 GB
Expansion slots: 2x PCIe 4.0 x16, 1x PCIe 3.0 x16, 1x PCIe 3.0 x1
Power system: 7 + 1 (14 + 2)
I / O panel: HDMI, DisplayPort, 4x USB 2.0, 2x USB 3.2, 1x USB Type-C, 1x USB 2.0 Type-C for audio
Sound: Realtek ALC1200, Nichicon capacitors, S / PDIF Out
Network: Intel 2.5 Gbps LAN, Intel Wi-Fi 6 802.11ax
M.2 connectors: 1x Ultra M.2 (PCIe Gen 4 x4), 1x M.2 (PCIe 3.0 x4, SATA3)
Features: BIOS Flashback, Bluetooth 5.1, VRM zone heatsink illumination, POST code indicator, Troubleshoot LED indication
Price June 2021: 21,000 rubles ($ 280)

So we got to the top segment, but ASUS ROG Strix B550-E Gaming is a workhorse that has been working for me 24 hours a day since the release of AMD Ryzen 9 5900X.
And there are no complaints about it.

Let's start with nutrition. It is implemented through the ASP2006 controllerAccording to the passport, it works with a maximum of eight phases, however, there are 16 MOSFETs on the body of the board: Monolithic Power Systems MP86992Fourteen are dedicated to the needs of the CPU VCC and the remaining two serve as the SoC VCC. Thus, ASUS engineers use seven real phases to power the CPU. And this is enough with a large margin.

See for yourself. Our system is assembled in an extremely compact Fractal Design Meshify C case, two hot memory modules with Samsung B-Die chips are installed next to the processor, to which 1.55 V is supplied in 24/7 mode, EVGA RTX 2080 Super smokes just below, and that's it. it has withstood endless cycles of stress testing in LinX, Prime95, and TestMem 5.

The VRM heatsinks are warm, but not hot at all, they could be heated up to 50-52 degrees as much as possible.

In terms of overclocking, there are also no restrictions. All necessary voltages are available, control over the supply phases is given. There are five fan pads, LLC working correctly and predictably, and a POST indicator: LED sirens that show exactly what the problem is?

The BIOS itself, as always, at ASUS is extremely logical and easy to use.
As a result, paired with the 5900X, we got the following as much as possible: 5075 MHz in single-threaded modes, 4600 MHz in LinX on all cores, 2000 MHz in FCLK, and the memory frequency was 4000 MHz with timings 14-16-14-14-28 and CR1 ... The only thing that limited the computer from stable operation with such settings was the CPU itself, or rather its FCLK bus. There were WHEA errors from time to time, but the board itself had nothing to do with it: questions about the quality of a particular crystal. As a result, we had to cool down a bit and lower the FCLK frequency to 1866 MHz, and the memory to 3866 MHz with timings of 14-14-14-14-28 and CR1.

As for everything else, from the pleasant bonuses, we would note the presence of BIOS Flashback (BIOS firmware without CPU and memory), 802.11ax Wi-Fi, Bluetooth 5.0, efficient M.2 drive heatsinks (our Samsung 970 Evo Plus under stress tests with the help of CrystalDiskMark it warmed up to only 72 degrees), well-realized sound based on the Realtek ALC1200 codec and audio-oriented Nichicon Fine Gold capacitors.

In general, a serious model for absolutely any processor up to the Ryzen 5950X and it is clear that the 5600X is not a problem for it. You can safely take and later upgrade to the top CPUs in the line.

The only question for which is the decision of ASUS not to solder the BIOS reset button to the factory settings on the motherboard. It is clear that the company's management avoids internal competition with its own more expensive products based on X570 chipsets, but for such a motherboard aimed at overclocking, this is a terrible defect. You constantly have to get inside the case with a screwdriver and in this antediluvian way bring the board back to life after the next No POST.


Top 5 motherboards for Ryzen 5 3600 and R5 5600X.  Personal experience


Socket: AM4
Chipset: B550
Maximum DDR4 memory : 128 GB
Expansion slots: 2x PCIe 4.0 x16, 1x PCIe 3.0 x16, 2x PCIe 3.0 x1
Power system: 14 + 2
I / O panel: DisplayPort, 4x USB 2.0, 3x USB 3.2 , 1x USB 3.2 Type-C
Sound: Realtek ALC1200P, Nichicon capacitors, S / PDIF Out
Network: Realtek 2.5 Gbps LAN, Intel Wi-Fi 6 802.11ax
M.2 connectors: 3x Ultra M.2 (PCIe Gen 4 x4), 1x M.2 (PCIe 3.0 x4, SATA Rev.3),
Features : BIOS Flashback, Clear CMOS, POST-codes indicator, LED Troubleshoot indication, no backlight
Price for June 2021: 25,000 rubles ($ 330)
As the cherry on top, we have the MSI B550 UNIFYBest of the best, uncompromising, and very expensive.

Let's say right away that its target audience is overclocking enthusiasts or simply those who want to assemble a system for themselves from the most top-end components. What makes it special? Let's sort it out in order.

First, the power supply system. If ASUS B550-E Gaming had it very good, then here it is prohibitively good and is suitable even for overclocking the CPU under liquid nitrogen. A 16-phase Infineon XDPE132G5C is used as a controller, which drives sixteen Infineon TDA21490 MOSFETs of 90A each.

Secondly, there are no doublers and parallel power supply. Honest 14 phases on the CPU VCC and two on the SoC VCC. Needless to say, it is impossible to heat all this up to any tangible temperatures during normal household use? We think that it is not necessary. Moreover, most likely, nothing much will change, even if you remove the radiator from the VRM. And he, by the way, already with a heat pipe, which was not in any of the previous models.

In addition to the extraordinary power supply, the model offers the same extraordinary possibilities in terms of connecting M.2 drives. There are already four slots for them, however, if you use everything, then several restrictions will come into force. In particular, the PCIe x16 slot for the video card will go into x8 mode. There are four PCIe slots themselves, and the first, of course, with support for PCIe 4.0, like any other model with the B550 chipset.

There is also onboard Wi-Fi 802.11ax, USB 2.0, 3.0, excellent sound based on Realtek ALC1200P and Nichicon Fine Gold capacitors, BIOS reset buttons, board reboot, BIOS firmware without CPU and RAM, POST indicator, LED indication of problems at the start, six pads for connecting case fans and two more for connecting a pump or classic air cooling.

But the most important thing here is the BIOS. It is licked to perfection, simple, clear, and convenient. There are ready-made overclocking presets from leading overclockers, and, of course, the board allows you to manually control everything possible: phase operation, all voltages, and timings in asynchronous mode. Plus, Unify rarely falls into No POST, so setting up the system is very convenient.

As for the possible results, let's say right away: we are not talking about some “pathetic” 4000 MHz for memory modules. With Unify, Buildzoid - one of the leading overclockers in the international arena and also a video blogger - has achieved a frequency of 6020 MHz.

Yes, he reached such terrible numbers in asynchronous mode with the controller. Yes, such frequencies are available only to the most selected Micron E-Die and Samsung B-die modules, and yes, of course, all this is absolutely unnecessary in everyday mode. As, in fact, the board itself.

It is worth buying it only if you seriously plan to conquer overclocking records, want the board to withstand any bullying, or just want to see what your hardware is capable of at its peak. Also, Unify has no backlighting. And in our opinion, this is not a minus at all.

That's all. We hope that after reading the problem of choosing a motherboard for AMD processors will fade into the background, and new questions will ripen for you. We will wait for them in the comments.

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